The Khasis and Jaintias inhabit the eastern and central parts of Meghalaya. The Khasi Hills are divided into three districts of East Khasi Hills, West Khasi Hills and Ri-Bhoi and the Jaintia Hills are constituted into one district, the Jaintia Hills District. The Khasi- Jaintia Hills are flanked on the north, east and south-east by Assam, on the south by Bangladesh and on the West by the Garo Hills district of Meghalaya.
Khasi is a general name given to the various tribes and sub-tribes that inhabit the Khasi and Jaintia Hills. This general application of the name Khasi to all the tribes and sub-tribes of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills is an ideal which is sung and, most importantly recorded in Ki Sngi Barim U Hynnieiwtrep, a book by Soso Tham, the most celebrated of Khasi poets.